On the possibility of internal conflict on Crete between the Proto- and Neopalatial period. The Pax Minoica re-examined

Pax Minoica w kontekście możliwości konfliktów wewnętrznych na Krecie między okresem starszych i okresem młodszych pałaców

  • Dawid Borowka Uniwersytet Gdański
Słowa kluczowe: Epoka Brązu, Kreta, cywilizacja Minojska, Pax Minoica

Abstrakt

Teoria Pax Minoica została sformułowana przez Artura Evansa. Zakładała, że Kreta w Epoce Brązu była chroniona przez rozległą i silną flotę. Nawiązuje ona do dzieł Herodota i Tukidydesa, którzy pisali o podboju morza i triumfie nad piratami króla Minosa. Taki stan rzeczy miał tłumaczyć brak umocnień na Krecie w Epoce Brązu i pokój panujący na wyspie. Od czasów pracy badawczej Evansa, odkryto na wyspie liczne pozostałości architektury obronnej jak również przykłady broni używanej przez Minojczyków. Rzucają one nowe światło na naszą wiedzę na temat różnych etapów rozwoju cywilizacji Minojskiej na Krecie. W artykule zostaje podjęta próba ich analizy w okresie wczesno i średniominojskim. Pozwala to, na weryfikację domniemanego pokoju wewnętrznego na Krecie w trakcie trwania Epoki Brązu.

 

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