Zróżnicowanie efektywności ekonomicznej w spółkach pracowniczych

Słowa kluczowe: przekształcenia własnościowe, prywatyzacja bezpośrednia, oddanie przedsiębiorstwa państwowego do odpłatnego korzystania, przychody ze sprzedaży, koncentracja własności

Abstrakt

Przedmiot badań: Badania empiryczne nad zróżnicowaniem efektywności działania spółek pra­cowniczych pod względem przychodów ze sprzedaży przy minimalizacji stopnia koncentracji własności wpisują się tematycznie w problematykę efektywności bezpośredniej metody prywa­tyzacji realizowanej przez oddanie przedsiębiorstwa państwowego do odpłatnego korzystania.

Cel badawczy: Zasadniczym celem niniejszego artykułu jest weryfikacja hipotezy badawczej stanowiącej, iż stopień koncentracji własności zasadniczo różnicuje efektywność działania spółek pracowniczych pod względem przychodów ze sprzedaży.

Metoda badawcza: Empiryczna weryfikacja tej hipotezy została przeprowadzona przy zastoso­waniu metody granicznej analizy danych DEA, która mierzy względną efektywność techniczną danego obiektu DMU. Badania empiryczne zostały przeprowadzone w grupie 13 spółek pracow­niczych z województwa mazowieckiego, które zawarły umowę ze Skarbem Państwa w latach 2000–2005 i obejmowały 10-letni okres badawczy. Analiza przychodów ze sprzedaży i stopnia koncentracji własności została dokonana na podstawie danych z dokumentów złożonych przez badane spółki pracownicze w Krajowym Rejestrze Sądowym w latach 2002–2017.

Wyniki: Zaprezentowane w opracowaniu wyniki badań empirycznych nie pozwalają na uznanie hipotezy badawczej za w pełni potwierdzoną, ponieważ spółki pracownicze, w których miary efektywności DEA były mniejsze niż przeciętna dla wszystkich badanych przedsiębiorstw odzna­czały się zróżnicowanym średniookresowym stopniem koncentracji własności.

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2020-06-01
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Artykuły - EKONOMIA