Badania biograficzne w ruchu: teoretyzowanie, doświadczanie, wyobrażenie (szkoła chicagowska – reinterpretacja)

Słowa kluczowe: Chłop polski w Europie i Ameryce, spacerowanie, WIBM, socjologia biograficzna, szkoła chicagowska


W artykule zbadano znaczenie spacerowania w metodach biograficznych i krytycznie rozważono jego teoretyczne, doświadczalne i wyobrażeniowe zastosowanie 100 lat po publikacji Chłopa polskiego w Europie i Ameryce. Tym samym stawiam pytanie, w jaki sposób chodzenie jako „artystycznie ugruntowane” podejście do prowadzenia badań biograficznych może przyczynić się do stworzenia warunków sprzyjających dobrostanowi ludzi, ponownej etyzacji badań społecznych i krytycznego podejścia do patologii społecznych? Odpowiadając na to pytanie, skupiam się na znaczeniu teorii krytycznej i socjologii biograficznej w rozumieniu biografii i historii oraz proponuję, aby doświadczenie chodzenia z innym, prowadzenia WIBM (Walking Interview Biographical Method – metoda wywiadu biograficznego podczas spaceru), otwierało możliwość dialogu, słuchania jako rozumienia, „rezonansu”, a także budziło zaufanie i potencjał solidarności, jako część etyki słuchania. Czyniąc to, musimy jednak pamiętać o etycznych implikacjach WIBM. Przykłady z wywiadów biograficznych podczas spaceru ilustrują tę kwestie.


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